Wednesday, February 4, 2009

The history and evolution of E-commerce

The history of E-commerce

History of ecommerce dates back to the invention of the very old notion of “sell and buy”, electricity, cables, computers, modems, and the Internet. Ecommerce became possible in 1991 when the Internet was opened to commercial Since that date thousands of businesses have taken up residence at web sites.

At first, the term ecommerce meant the process of execution of commercial transactions electronically with the help of the leading technologies such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) which gave an opportunity for users to exchange business information and do electronic transactions। The ability to use these technologies appeared in the late 1970s and allowed business companies and organizations to send commercial documentation electronically

Although the Internet began to advance in popularity among the general public in 1994, it took approximately four years to develop the security protocols (for example, HTTP) and DSL which allowed rapid access and a persistent connection to the Internet. In 2000 a great number of business companies in the United States and Western Europe represented their services in the World Wide Web। At this time the meaning of the word ecommerce was changed। People began to define the term ecommerce as the process of purchasing of available goods and services over the Internet using secure connections and electronic payment services। Although the dot-com collapse in 2000 led to unfortunate results and many of ecommerce companies disappeared, the “brick and mortar” retailers recognized the advantages of electronic commerce and began to add such capabilities to their web sites (e.g., after the online grocery store Webvan came to ruin, two supermarket chains, Albertsons and Safeway, began to use ecommerce to enable their customers to book groceries online). By the end of 2001, the largest form of ecommerce, Business-to-Business (B2B) model, had around $700 billion in transactions.

History of ecommerce is a history of a new, virtual world which is evolving according to the customer advantage It is a world which we are all building together brick by brick, laying a secure foundation for the future generations.

The Evolution of E-commerce

Since 1995, many innovative applications, ranging from direct online sales to e-learning experiences had been developed। Almost every organization in the world has a Web site।

In 1999, the emphasis of e-commerce shifted from B2C to B2B.
In 2001, from B2B to B2E, e-government, e-learning, and m-commerce.
In 2005, social networks started to rise and so did l-commerce and wireless applications.

E-commerce will undoubtedly continue to shift and change in the future।

EDI, or electronic data interchange, was standardized through ASC X12. This guaranteed that companies would be able to complete transactions with one another reliably.

Computer server offers online retail products to its customers. This gives people the first chance to buy things off their computer.

Netscape arrived। Providing users a simple browser to surf the Internet and a safe online transaction technology called Secure Sockets Layer.

The biggest names in e-commerce are launched Such as and

DSL, or Digital Subscriber Line, provides fast, always-on Internet service to subscribers across California। This prompts people to spend more time, and money, online.

Retail spending over the Internet reaches $20 billion, according to

The U.S government extended the moratorium on Internet taxes until at least 2005.

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